A hormonal imbalance happens when you take too much or too little of one or more hormones, your body’s chemical messengers. It is a broad term that can represent many different hormone-related conditions.
What are Hormones?
Hormones are chemicals that coordinate different bodily functions by sending messages through the blood to your organs, skin, muscles, and other tissues. These signs tell your body what to do and once to do it. Hormones are vital for life and health, and scientists have identified more than 50 hormones in the human body.
Hormones and most tissues (mainly glands) that create and release them make up your endocrine system. Also hormones control many different body processes, including:
Homeostasis (constant internal balance).
Growth and development.
What is a Hormonal Imbalance?
A hormonal imbalance happens when you take too much or too little of one or more hormones. It is a broad term that can represent many different hormone-related conditions.
Hormones are powerful signals. For many hormones, having even a little too much or too little can cause significant changes in your body and lead to certain conditions that need treatment.
And some hormonal imbalances can be temporary, while others are chronic (long-term). Also, some hormonal imbalances require treatment to maintain good physical health, while others may not affect your health but can negatively affect your quality of life.
What Conditions are Caused by Hormonal Imbalances?
Dozens of medical conditions are caused by hormonal problems. For most hormones, you are having too much or too little causes symptoms and health problems. Although many of these imbalances require treatment, some may be temporary and go away independently. Some of the more common hormone-related conditions include:
Irregular menstruation (periods): Several menstrual cycles involve several hormones. For this reason, an imbalance in one or more of these hormones can cause irregular periods. Specific hormone-related conditions that cause irregular periods comprise polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and amenorrhea.
Infertility: Hormonal imbalances are the foremost cause of infertility in people designated female at birth. Hormone-related conditions, such as polycystic ovary syndrome and anovulation, can lead to infertility. People assigned as male at birth may also experience hormonal imbalances that affect fertility, such as low testosterone levels (hypogonadism).
Acne: Acne is mainly causes by clogged pores. While many factors donate to the development of acne, hormonal fluctuations, especially during puberty, are significant. Oil glands, including those on the skin of the face, are stimulated when hormones are activated throughout puberty.
Adult acne: Hormonal acne adult acne grows when hormonal changes increase the quantity of oil the skin produces. And it is widespread during pregnancy, menopause, and in people receiving testosterone therapy.
Diabetes: The most common endocrine (hormone-related) disease in the United States is diabetes. In diabetes, your pancreas doesn’t make enough of the hormone insulin, or your body doesn’t use it properly. There are numerous types of diabetes; the most shared are type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes and gestational diabetes. Diabetes needs action.
Thyroid disease: The two chief types of thyroid illness are hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone levels). And hyperthyroidism (high thyroid hormone levels). Each condition has several possible causes, and thyroid disease requires treatment.
Obesity – Many hormones can affect how your body signals that it needs food and how your body uses energy, so an imbalance in certain hormones can lead to weight gain in the form of stored fat. For example, extra cortisol (a hormone) and low thyroid hormone levels (hypothyroidism) can contribute to obesity.